Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (2024)

Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health
Health
Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (1)

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Ragiinii Sharma

Written By Prekshi Garg
on Apr 29, 2022

Last Edit Made By Prekshi Garg
on Apr 4, 2024

Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (2)

Pus cells refer to term given to the accumulation of dead white blood cells (WBCs) at the site of infection. When these pus cells are present in the human urine, the condition is known as Pyuria. It is normal for some pus cells to be present in the urine sample, however, an elevated number of pus cells in the urine sample are an indication of some underlying injection. In this article, let us discuss pus cells in detail including what pus cells are, why they are present in urine, what are the symptoms of presence of pus cells in urine, pus cell in urine normal range and whether or not it is normal to detect the presence of pus cells in urine.

Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (3)

Infections in your renal tract or even in thekidneys manifestin multiple ways. Early giveaways of the condition includepainful urination, burning sensationwhile peeing or even itchiness and discomfort. If the symptoms don't go away easily, they could be indicative of something more severe that onlyproper testingcan unfold. Get your blood checked as per your doctor's prescription.

In this Article

  1. What are Pus cells?
  2. Is the precedence of pus cells in urine normal?
  3. What is the normal range of pus cells in urine?
  4. Why are Pus cells present in urine?
  5. When should you get pus cells in a urine test done?
  6. Takeaway
  7. FAQs

What are Pus cells?

Pus cells are a collection of dead, white blood cells that accumulates when the body's immune system activates in response to an infection. These cells form a whitish-yellow or yellowish colored protein rich fluid at the site of the infection. This fluid is known as liquor puris. These pus cells may sometimes be present in your urine. This condition wherein the presence of white blood cells in urine is detected is known as pyuria. Pyuria can be sterile or non-sterile. Sterile pyuria refers to the presence of pus cells in urine without detection of any bacteria whereas, non sterile pyuria is due to the presence of bacterias.


Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (4)

Is the presence of pus cells in urine normal?

This is a question that often arises when individuals undergo routine urine tests or experience urinary tract symptoms. While a small number of pus cells can be considered normal, a significant increase in their presence may be a cause of concern.

It suggests the possibility of a urinary tract infection (UTI), kidney function, or other underlying conditions. Regular urine tests and prompt medical attention can help identify and address any urinary tract issues, ensuring optimal urinary health and overall well-being.

What is the normal range of pus cells in urine?

It is normal to have a small number of pus cells in the urine sample. The normal range of pus cells in urine when observed under a high power microscope varies slightly in males and females. The normal count of pus cells in male urine samples is around less than 4 cells / HPF, whereas, for females, the normal pus cells count in around 5 to 7 cells / HPF. The increased number of pus cells in urine can be observed physically through the visible changes in urine, that is, the urine may become thick and look cloudy like a pus. Therefore, if you observe changes in the texture or colour of urine, you should consult a doctor.
Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (5)

Why are Pus cells present in urine?

The presence of pus cells in the urine can be due to different reasons. Majorly the presence of pus cells in urine is due to an infection from bacteria or viruses. The main reasons that can lead to the occurrence of pus cells in urine include:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI), that is, infection in any part of your urinary system like urinary bladder, urethra, ureter or kidneys
  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI) like viral infection or gonorrhea
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bacteremia with sepsis
  • Kidney disease
  • Urinary tract stones
  • Pneumonia
  • Prostatitis
  • Parasites
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Tumour in the urinary tract
  • Consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprofen
  • Penicillin antibiotics
  • Diuretics
  • Proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole

When should you get pus cells in a urine test done?

Pus cells in urine are an indication of urinary tract infection and in severe cases may indicate sepsis or any other health condition. Therefore, you should immediately get your urine test done if you observe one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Excretion of a cloudy urine
  • Change in texture or colour of the urine
  • An increased frequency of urination
  • Presence of blood in urine
  • A burning sensation while urinating
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Passing of urine that has a foul smell
  • Fever
  • Pain in the abdominal region
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abnormal discharge from the vagin*
  • Vomiting or nausea

Treatment and Management

When it comes to the presence of pus cells in the urine, early diagnosis, timely treatment, and effective management are essential for maintaining urinary health.

  1. Antibiotics for bacterial infections

If the urine test reveals a bacterial infection, antibiotics are commonly prescribed. These medications target and eliminate the bacteria causing the infection, restoring normal urinary function.

  1. Antifungal medications for fungal infections

In cases where the presence of pus cells is due to fungal infections, antifungal medications are typically recommended. These medications target the fungus responsible for the infection and help restore and help restore a healthy urinary tract.

  1. Lifestyle and preventive measures

Apart from medical interventions, adopting certain lifestyle habits and preventive measures can contribute to the management and prevention of pus cells in urine. Here are a few important practices to consider:

  • Staying well-hydrated
  • Maintaining good personal hygiene
  • Avoiding irritants (such as harsh soaps, douches, and scented products in the genital area)
  • Avoiding potential allergens

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis, guidance, and personalized recommendations to ensure optimal urinary health.

How to Diagnose Pyuria?

When pus cells are detected in urine, undergoing diagnostic procedures is crucial to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.

  1. Pus cells urine test / Urine Analysis

A urine analysis is typically the first step in diagnosing the presence of pus cells. It involves examining a urine sample under a microscope to quantify the number of pus cells present.

  1. Urine Culture

In cases where the presence of pus cells suggests a bacterial infection, a urine culture may be ordered. This test involves cultivating the bacteria present in the urine sample to identify the specific type of bacteria causing the infection.

  1. Additional Tests for Identifying Underlying Causes

In some instances, the presence of pus cells in urine may be indicative of an underlying condition other than a simple urinary tract infection. To identify these underlying causes, additional tests may be conducted. These include - ultrasound, complete blood count test, kidney function test, etc.

Takeaway

The presence of pus cells in urine is an important indicator of urinary tract infection (UTI) and this indicator should not be overlooked. You must get a urine test as soon as you experience a burning sensation or increased frequency of urination. Now, that you are aware of the normal range of pus cells in urine, the reasons due to which the pus cells may be present in the urine and the symptoms when you should get a urine test done, you will be better able to analyse your health condition and take the right decision at the right time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How to reduce pus cells in urine?

There are certain natural ways by which you can reduce the number of pus cells in urine. These include:

  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Cranberry juice and green tea extract can also help in reducing the number of pus cells
  • Applying a wet warm compress to the area
  • Painkillers like aspirin

2. What do pus cells in urine indicate?

The presence of pus cells in urine are in general an indication of urinary tract infection (UTI) and in severe cases, it can be due to sepsis.

3. How to test for Pyuria?

The most accurate test for pyuria is by counting the number of leukocytes in fresh urine samples. You can easily get your test done at Redcliffe labs.

4. Are Pus Cells in urine a warning sign of an Infection?

Generally, pus cells in urine are not a cause for alarm. However, it is always good to have them checked by a doctor to rule out an infection. If it does turn out to be an infection, it can be treated accordingly. While the main component of pus is the dead white blood cells, it also contains other debris. This may include dead neutrophils, which can indicate a bacterial infection near the site of the infection. The body's immune system will then attack these bacteria. These cells will be cleared away by macrophage cells, which are a type of immune cell devoted to eating bacteria. The presence of pus cells in urine can be a warning sign of an infection, particularly urinary tract infections. The condition is not usually serious, but it can cause pain and fever. The urine sample can be analyzed under a microscope to see if there is a significant number of pus cells present. If more than four pus cells are visible under a high-field microscope, then there is a higher chance of an infection. This is considered pyuria.

Leave a comment

10 Comments

  • June Pepito

    Apr 17, 2024 at 9:05 AM.

    My Pus cell is 0-2Epithelial cell is 0-2 Fungal element seen yeast cell What does it mean?

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 17, 2024 at 6:53 PM.

      Finding fungal elements, such as yeast cells, in a urine sample may indicate a fungal infection in the urinary tract. Yeast infections in the urinary tract can cause symptoms like frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, and cloudy or foul-smelling urine. We recommend you to consult with your doctor. They will determine your condition and give you advise on what to do.

  • VARSHA KUMARI

    Apr 16, 2024 at 9:54 AM.

    My pus cell range is 80-100/hpf? Other all things are normal..Is anything serious?

    • Shikha Sarita jena

      Apr 14, 2024 at 3:37 PM.

      Very helpful message, thanks for the information

      • Jean

        Apr 13, 2024 at 1:13 PM.

        urine results show reading of 500 for leukocytes and 25 for blood. what does this mean?

      • adrian

        Apr 10, 2024 at 7:20 PM.

        my pus cell is 10-12 and i have epithelial cells and mucus in my urine but bacteria is absent

        • Myhealth Team

          Apr 11, 2024 at 5:54 AM.

          Hi Adrian, If your urine test shows 10-12 pus cells along with epithelial cells and mucus, but no bacteria are present, it could indicate inflammation or irritation in the urinary tract rather than a bacterial infection. Further do consult with your doctor.Thankyou

      • pawan

        Jan 11, 2024 at 8:47 AM.

        my pus cell is 10 15 but bacteria absent , is this serious ?

        • Myhealth Team

          Jan 16, 2024 at 7:46 AM.

          Pus cell count of 10-15 without bacteria may indicate inflammation. Consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate guidance.

      • Michal Cavanaugh

        Dec 27, 2023 at 10:27 PM.

        Hello redcliffelabs.com owner, Thanks for sharing your thoughts!

        • Myhealth Team

          Dec 28, 2023 at 10:55 AM.

          Welcome, Michal Cavanaugh

      • Inzaar

        Aug 23, 2023 at 3:31 PM.

        Call me I have pus cell s problem

        • Myhealth Team

          Aug 29, 2023 at 7:56 AM.

          You can call us at this no. 898 898 8787

      • Shaik

        Mar 31, 2023 at 2:51 AM.

        My wife is taste pus cells 20 25 haveIska lya kya Elaij karni chahiye medical plz Reply da

        • Myhealth Team

          Apr 10, 2023 at 6:28 AM.

          Hi,Can you please share complete report?Thankyou

      • Priti Singh

        Dec 21, 2022 at 6:52 AM.

        6 saal ke bache ladke ke bathroom ki jga ke ps se mavad jda aye to kya bimari ho skti h

        • Myhealth Team

          Dec 28, 2022 at 8:50 AM.

          Aapke sawaal ke liye sukriya. aap apna sawaal humari health community https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ par puch sakte hain. waha par aapko aapke sawaalo ka jawaab bhi mil jaayega and uske saath aapko Health management ke liye content and guidelines bhimiljaayegi

      Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health (2024)

      FAQs

      Pus Cells in Urine: What is it? Normal Range - My Health? ›

      The normal amount of pus cells found in the urine is between 0 and 5/HPF. Anything above that, especially if it reaches 10–12/HPF, is considered pyuria. If you have 10–12 HPF pus cells in your urine, you have most likely contracted a bacterial infection or urinary tract infection.

      What is the danger level of pus cells in urine? ›

      The normal range for pus cells from the urine is 0-5. The presence of 8-10 pus cells suggests bacterial infection, which is mostly diagnosed as urinary tract infection(UTI). The physicians recommend a further step is to send the urine for a culture to decide upon the effective antibiotics that can be prescribed.

      What if pus cells in urine are 15 to 20? ›

      Is it serious? This is because you have a urinary tract infection.

      What if pus cells are 100 in urine? ›

      The risks are that one may be suffering from chronic UTI infection or kidney infection. You are recommended to check with a doctor immediately.

      What if pus cells in urine are 25 to 30? ›

      For pus cells in urine 25-30 hpf treatment your healthcare provider will often prescribe a round of antibiotics as in this case pyuria can be caused by UITs, bacteria STIs, or tuberculosis.

      What is a high pus cell count? ›

      The normal amount of pus cells found in the urine is between 0 and 5/HPF. Anything above that, especially if it reaches 10–12/HPF, is considered pyuria. If you have 10–12 HPF pus cells in your urine, you have most likely contracted a bacterial infection or urinary tract infection.

      What is the normal range of pus cells in females? ›

      The normal range of pus cells in urine when observed under a high power microscope varies slightly in males and females. The normal count of pus cells in male urine samples is around less than 4 cells / HPF, whereas, for females, the normal pus cells count in around 5 to 7 cells / HPF.

      What does pus cells 20 25 in urine mean? ›

      And bacteria present. What it means. It means you are suffering from urinary tract infection.

      How to get rid of pus cells in urine? ›

      The treatment for reducing pus cells in urine depends on the underlying cause. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat bacterial infections, while antifungal medication may be prescribed for fungal infections. Drinking plenty of water and practicing good hygiene can also help prevent urinary tract infections.

      What happens if pus cells are 6 to 8? ›

      Urine Infection: pus cells in urine 6-8 hpf

      It may be to mild Urinary tract infection Frequent urination/Fever with chills/burning or pain while urination suggest Urinary tract infection follow advises given below: 1. drink lot of water 2. Maintain hygiene 3.

      What foods should you avoid during pus cells in urine? ›

      One should avoid coffee, alcohol, acidic and spicy foods.

      What antibiotic is good for pus cells in urine? ›

      Treatment for pyuria depends on the underlying cause. Usually, a UTI causes pyuria and treatment will involve a short course of antibiotic therapy, such as oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or nitrofurantoin. Antibiotics can also treat bacterial STIs and tuberculosis.

      Can you have bacteria in your urine but no UTI? ›

      Asymptomatic bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in the properly collected urine of a patient that has no signs or symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is very common in clinical practice. While few infants and toddlers have asymptomatic bacteriuria, the incidence increases with age.

      How to read a pus culture report? ›

      The first part of the report typically includes information about the bacteria or other microorganisms that were found in the sample. This helps healthcare providers identify which specific pathogen is causing the infection. The report may also indicate whether there are multiple types of organisms present.

      Is 18 20 pus cells in urine normal? ›

      It means that you are having UTI infection. You are recommeded to consult with a doctor at apollo247.

      What is a normal urine bacteria level? ›

      Urine is normally sterile. However, in the process of collecting the urine, some contamination from skin bacteria is frequent. For that reason, up to 10,000 colonies of bacteria/ml are considered normal.

      What happens if you have 2 4 pus cells in your urine? ›

      Presence of pus cells in urine defined as pyuria is an important accompaniment of bacteriuria which may be asymptomatic or can indicate toward underlying urinary tract infection (UTI). Pyuria is significant if there are more than 4 pus cells/HPF in a centrifuged urine sample.

      How serious is pus in urine? ›

      Untreated pyuria may — depending on the cause — lead to more serious conditions, such as blood poisoning (septicemia), kidney damage, organ failure and death.

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